Women empowerment and gender sensitization - Developing a model for bridging gender gap
There are 40 farm women who have been adopted by the ICAR-Central Institute for Women in Agriculture in the villages of Sankilo and Tentalpur, located in the Nischintakoili Block of Cuttack District in Odisha, as part of the ICAR-National Agricultural Science Fund Project.
We want to help women become more powerful and sensitive by closing the gender gap. This project will do just that. As a result of employing the SHEET Module, we were able to identify and analyse the indications of the gender gap.
The development of a "Gender Sensitive Agri-Horti Cropping System Model" included a three-tier approach, including a livelihood enhancement model for small and marginal women farmers, a nutrition security model for medium-income women farmers, and an entrepreneurship promotion model for women farmers through links between the Institute, Industry, and Stakeholders.
It was estimated that the Group Approach to Vegetable Farming under the Livelihood Enhancement Model generated Rs 6, 59,300/- in total income. Vegetables worth Rs. 98,895/- were consumed for household consumption and vegetables worth Rs. 5, 60,405/- were sold in the open market from this supply. The demonstrations resulted in an increase in output of 22% to 30% over current farming practises. Brinjal had the highest benefit-to-cost ratio (3.41), followed by Chili (3.20).
The trial's economic analysis shows higher mean gross and net returns for rice production of Rs. 1,16,663 and 64,213 for the demonstration. CR Dhan 312 cultivation had the highest incremental benefit-cost ratio (3.9) and effective gain (Rs 37,008/ha) with the best net returns of Rs 75,564. The demos provided an average yield benefit of 56.2% over current agricultural practises. With an improved yield of 16 to 20 percent, the black gramme (var.PU-31) yield was found to be 2.95 t/ha on average.
Additionally, a total revenue of Rs. 8,45,750/- was earned through the Nutritional Security Model's Group Approach to Vegetable & Fruit Farming. Out of this, vegetables and fruits worth Rs. 6,76,600/- and Rs. 1,69,150/- were utilised for home consumption and sold in the open market, respectively.
Growing nutritious vegetables and fruits has increased the nutritional needs of farm families because of this. A mean protein production increase of 2.89 q/ha was made possible by the introduction of rice varieties with high protein content (HYV), which met the nutritional needs of farm women and provided enough zinc. The intake of black gramme helps agricultural women achieve their protein needs.
An increase in yield of 25 to 30% was achieved using the Entrepreneurship Promotion Model, resulting in a total yield of 651.4 kg of Paddy Straw Mushroom and an income of Rs. 1,30,280/-, of which Rs. 39,084/- of Mushroom was used for household consumption and Rs. 91,196/- of Mushroom was sold in the open market.
In light of this, the Institute-Industries-Stakeholders linkages were to be converted using an Entrepreneurship Promotion Model. The models brought in money and raised knowledge of cluster-based production among the Women Farmers' Group "Ananya Mahila Bikas Samiti," inspiring them to reproduce the models in other parts of the cluster. This contributes to the empowerment of agricultural farm women.