New technique to detect tropical cyclones earlier than satellites

New technique to detect tropical cyclones earlier than satellites

Researchers in the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur have developed a method which may be useful in the early detection of strengthening or development of tropical cyclones from the atmospheric column before satellites across ocean surface at the North Indian Ocean area.


Researchers invent a novel approach using Eddy detection method to look into the formative phases and progress detection period of tropical cyclogenesis in the North Indian Ocean area. This analysis has been conducted under the Climate Change Program (CCP) with the aid from Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, an official announcement said. 


Early detection of Tropical cyclones has broad socio-economic consequences.  Thus far, remote sensing techniques have discovered them the oldest. But this detection was possible just once procedure developed as a well-marked low-pressure system within the warm sea surface. A larger time difference between the detection and the effects of the cyclone can help prep actions.


Before the creation of cyclonic system within the warm oceanic surroundings, the first atmospheric instability mechanics, in addition to the vortex growth, is triggered in higher atmospheric levels. These cyclonic eddies are notable features in the vertical atmospheric column surrounding the disturbance environment having a capability to induce and develop into a well-marked cyclonic depression within the warm sea surface. They are utilized for detection of forecast of cyclones

The method designed aims to recognize first traces of pre-cyclonic eddy vortices from the atmospheric column and monitor its spatio-temporal development. They utilized a coarser grid resolution of 27 km for identification along with a finer resolution of 09 km to rate the qualities of eddy vortices. The analysis was conducted with instances of four post-monsoon acute cyclones --Phailin (2013), Vardah (2013), Gaja (2018), Madi (2013), and also 2 pre-monsoon cyclones Mora (2017) and Aila (2009) that acquired within North Indian Ocean. 


The team observed that the procedure may lead to genesis of forecast using a minimum of four times (~ 90 h) lead period to get cyclones developed through the pre-and post-monsoon seasons. Initiation mechanisms of genesis of tropical cyclones happens at top atmospheric levels and can also be detected at greater lead period for pre-monsoon scenarios, including the post-monsoon instances. The analysis made a detailed investigation on the behaviour of eddies within an atmospheric column for non-developing instances and compared these findings with growing instances.