India keen to augment Hydrogen supply chain and prospects as transport fuel
India will increase its hydrogen supply chain infrastructure in order to accelerate plans to produce the fuel. This may be a benefit over other non-fossilfuel fuels, said Mr. Dharmendrapradhan, Ex-Oil Minister. He said that hydrogen has great potential to be a future energy source. "Hydrogen's popularity is due to a simple fact: when it replaces fossil fuels in a fuel cell, or burnt to produce heat, it lowers global warming."
He continued to state that India is taking several steps to increase hydrogen use, including the FY22 budget announcement of a National Hydrogen Mission for developing a hydrogen roadmap.
He claimed that Indian refineries intend to use excess hydrogen capacity to meet the first demand for hydrogen mainstreaming.
Indian Oil's Gujarat refinery is currently working on a similar project. This will allow for the creation of blue hydrogen by combining hydrogen synthesizers from natural gas with its hyphenation and carbon capture technology.
Recently, Nitin Gadkari (Minister of Road Transport and Highways) stated that green hydrogen is being considered as a viable fuel for transportation. He also suggested that electric vehicles could be eligible for any benefits that may be granted to green hydrogen.
At a symposium on "Hydrogen Based Mobility", Mr. Gadkari stated that India is the leader in green hydrogen generation due to its immense solar, wind and hydro potential.
Minister for Road Transport and Highways stated that green hydrogen is a priority for the government and would discuss the matter with the finance minister and Niti Aayog.
According to Mr. Gadkari green hydrogen may be an ideal source of energy in energy-intensive industries like refining, steel and cement, fertilisers, mining, industrial heating, and fertilizer.
He said, "Over time green hydrogen can replace part of our imports." He cited the fact that green hydrogen (H2) is made by splitting water (H2O), using renewable energy.
Mr. Gadkari noted that 70% of green hydrogen production costs are attributed to electricity. Therefore, surplus electricity can be used to produce green hydrogen economically.
He said, "We are working to create an integrated road map and prospects of alternative clean and sustainable transportation fuels such as electricity, bioCNG, LNG and ethanol."
According to Mr. Gadkari, India should focus on hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles technology for large long-distance buses, trucks, and marine applications.
He stated that India's hydrogen ecosystem could create a US$20 billion green technology industry, increase job creation and make India a net exporter to European, Southeast Asian and African countries.
He mentioned H-CNG, hydrogen combined with CNG, is being tested. This will help the transportation industry understand how to manage hydrogen.
National Thermal Power Corporation Renewable Energy Ltd, NTPC's wholly-owned subsidiary, has invited a domestic bid to establish India's first Green Hydrogen Fuelling Station. It will be located in Leh, Ladakh, on July 29 . The auction of bid documents will begin July 31 st 2021.
This tender is in line with the recently floated tender by NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited for procurement of Fuel Cell Buses to Ladakh. NVVN and NTPC REL would be jointly executing the Green Mobility Project within Union Territory of Ladakh. NTPC REL is also setting up a 1.25 MW solar plant in Leh to complete the Hydrogen Fuelling station. It is expected that the contract for the solar plant will be awarded in less than a month.
NTPC REL previously signed a historic MoU with Union Territory in Ladakh to develop Green Hydrogen technologies at high altitudes. With the successful completion of this project, a new era in emission-free transport would begin in Leh. India would be one of few countries to lead in this highly sought after space.
This project is a major step towards creating a cleaner, greener environment in the region. The project's successful completion will help to alleviate the problems of surface transport in the Union Territory of Ladakh. This will be a significant boost for tourism in the region.